FERROUS AND NON-FERROUS METALS
Types of Scrap Metals
Determine if you have ferrous or non-ferrous metal
Use a magnet!
If the magnet sticks to your metal - it is a ferrous metal - something like steel or iron.
Ferrous metal is not worth as much as non-ferrous.
If the magnet does not stick to your metal – it is a non-ferrous metal – non-ferrous metals include copper, aluminium, brass, stainless steel and bronze.
These metals are more valuable and are worth more money at the scrap yard
Copper is a common material in the structure of homes and also very popular with the criminal element as it is very valuable. It can be found in your home as plumbing pipes, roofing materials like gutters, within the inside of air conditioners and common electric wires.
Aluminium is a silvery-white metal and is soft and malleable. It is used in a massive variety of products including cans, foil, kitchen utensils, gutters, siding, window frames, doors, and more.
While not worth a lot of money at the scrap yard, Recycling of aluminium cans saves 95% of the energy required to make the same amount of aluminium from its virgin source. One ton of recycled aluminium saves 14,000 kilowatt hours (Kwh) of energy, 40 barrels of oil, 238 million Btu's of energy, and 10 cubic yards of landfill space.
Brass is yellow (hint of red) and very heavy
Items made of brass include; screws and pins; door bolts and locks, door handles, coat hooks, hand rails; buttons, zip fasteners, ornaments, light fittings, garden taps and hose fitting
The brass industry throughout the world depends on the recycling of brass scrap for its survival. Making brass from new copper and zinc would be uneconomical and wasteful of raw materials so, since new brass articles are made from recycled scrap, brass is said to be sustainable. In the UK brass manufacturers use almost 100% brass scrap
Steel rusts very easily and a magnet will stick to it.
Steel is one of the most common metals used throughout the world and can be found in many places, including cans, chairs, shelves, cabinets cars, appliances and construction materials and more
While it is not worth much at a scrap yard, every little bit adds up and it is still wise to collect it and bring it to be recycled the right way.